FACULTY OF MARINE SCIENCES AND FISHERY
Indonesia is a tropical country with atropical climate which has highly potential fish resources. One of the highly potential fish resources is ornamental fishes, not only fresh water but also marine ornament fishes. There are at least 240 species of marine ornamental fishes and 226 fresh water ornamental fish In the ornamental marine aquarium fishes are very popular in the international market, especially in the USA, Erope, and Japan. Diversity of ornamental fishes in Indonesian waters is high. Unfortunately, there are many species close to extiction due to over exploitation by unfriendly fishing suchas using cyanide and bombing. On the other hand, there is a high demand of ornamental fishes for other purposes suchas Chinese traditional medicine whiche specially uses sea horse.
Aquarium unit is one of the supporting facilities for education and enterpreneurship which focuses on ornamental fishes. This unit was established in March 2014 and located at the Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries. This unit supports students practicum, research for student for all degrees (S1, S2 and S3) and lecturer research. It also supports are search from other researcher sout side Hasanuddin University. This unit is also used as anedutainment for students (elementary to high school students) and the community who are in terested in knowing more about ornamental fishes. Ornamental fish stock aquarium maintenance services is also provide in this unit.
In the future, the Aquarium Unit will develop research activities which focuses on breeding and rearing several ornamental fishes which has high economic value. Development of breeding and rearing ornamental fishes to increase the economic value offishes willbe collaborated with the Marine Station Unit, Hatchery and Mini Recirculation Unit and also with private sectors. The expected outcome of the research for the breeding and rearing of ornamental fishes are:
- Aquarium unit to become apre-commercial breeding center for several ornamental fishes suchas sea horses, anemon fishes, etc.
- Giving recommendation for genetic management, stock management and selective breeding for ornamental fishes culture.
- Developing juvenile culture system for ornamental fishes through the backyard system
- Establishing a research and business collaboration with other institution to create a certification system for ornamental fishes from culture.